Some comments and instructions in this page are for audio browsers and users who browse this site with screen readers. If you can see this paragraph and you are not using a text-only or screen reader browser, either the style sheet for screen viewing didn't load (if so, click on "refresh" to reload the style sheet), or you need to use a World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) standards-supporting browser that has full HTML 4.0.1 Strict and cascading style sheet (CSS) level 2 support. (For information about these browsers, see Standards-supporting browsers.) The Society for Technical Communication is a W3C member: http://www.w3.org/
For additional information, see the Accessibility Design and Features page.
If your browser supports hotkeys, the following hotkeys will move you around the page:
0 to return to the top of the page.
1 to skip navigation links and go to the main content.
2 to move to the top navigation links.
3 to skip the Introduction section.
4 to move to the side navigation links.
5 to move to the bottom navigation links (these include both the top and side navigation links).
6 for the search query input field.
7 to submit search query.
8 to use the Screen style sheet.
: to use the Negative style sheet.
9 to use the Text style sheet.
r to use the Text in large font style sheet.
# to print this page.
l to use the Aural style sheet.
& for Link Suggestion.
n for Name.
s for Subject.
m for Message.
p for Home Phone.
w for Work Phone.
d for Wireless Device / Pager.
x for Contact Preference.
e for E-mail.
f for Fax.
y for Company.
t for Street.
i for City.
a for State.
/ for Post or Zip Code.
o for Country.
u for URL.
b for Membership.
h for Membership Number.
z to Send the message.
c to Clear (reset) the form.
Access keys are activated by pressing
Alt (for Windows) or
control (for Mac) and the access key character (in some browsers, the access keys are activated by releasing the
control key, then pressing the access key character, then pressing the Enter key). The Tab key will also get you through the page.
Because Cascading Style Sheet (CSS) positioning rules are used in the style sheet, you may find that only Alt 1 (top) works in the latest visual browsers. All four keys should work in older browsers that don't support CSS positioning standards.
Pull browser window out or in to widen or shorten line length.
This site is designed with accessible features and considerations to give all visitors a similar browsing experience.
If you use assistive technology (such as a Braille reader, a screen reader, TTY, and so forth) and the format of any material on our Web site interferes with your ability to access the information, please contact us at . To enable us to respond in a manner most helpful to you, please indicate the nature of your accessibility problem, the preferred format in which to receive the material, the Web address of the requested material, and your contact information.
The colors used in the Web site for links and status change status flags have been chosen using the Accessibility Color Wheel Version 1.0 by Giacomo Mazzocato and the Luminosity Colour Contrast Ratio Analyser from Juicy Studio.
Links are checked periodically. Changes to the pages are marked with the following flags: New, Revised, and Updated.
Navigation features include a "skip" link at the top to go directly to the bottom of the page for the search box, navigation links, and style sheet selection for the site. Tab indexing levels have been added to all hyperlinks to aid users with screen readers to move logically through the pages. For people using audio assistive technology, there are skip links to go directly to the main content and to the navigation areas on the site. Cascading style sheets (CSS) replace table-defined page layout and spacer graphics so that pages will load as fast as possible and information will be in a logical order.
Some people with disabilities prefer to use the keyboard to tab between links, form fields, and other page elements because they have problems using a mouse. All links have a tabindex and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) provide definitions for the following states:
The Society for Technical Communication is a W3C member. This site aims to make the information it provides accessible to everyone including those with physical or mental disabilities and those with slow Internet connections. There are many challenges for Web developers and designers to handle when creating an accessible Web site such as the large variety of screen readers, browsers, platforms, and accessibility needs. What is accessible for one person may not be accessible for another. The site is designed using current standards on Internet Accessibility / Usability to be used by the average user and by users who work with screen readers or audio assistive technology. Each page is designed for and tested in seven popular browsers on both the Macintosh and Windows platforms.
The entire Web site has been converted from a table-heavy design to a W3C-validated CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) design and layout. CSS separates site content from presentation and offers the following benefits:
Users may choose among five different cascading style sheets (CSS) using the buttons at the bottom of the page for the following actions.
The A-SIG Web site uses a cookie to establish your style sheet preference. A cookie is a text file, stored on your computer. The default style is the Standard Contrast (black text on a white background).
If you decide that you don't always want High Contrast and a cookie has been set from a previous page or a previous session, you will need to remove the cookie to reset back to the default Standard Contrast style. Use your browser's Cookie Manager to view your cookies and delete the cookie with the "www.stcsig.org/sn" name.
The A-SIG Web site does not use "Session" cookies to track your visit. Information is not saved for future visits.
Images on the site provide alternative descriptive text. However, some browsers or screen readers cannot be relied upon to recognize alternative text. Many but not yet all images contain a title in the image links to compensate for these inconsistencies. A few images also have a long description to provide additional information about important images.
Multimedia aspects for the site are limited. There is no use of video or animation. There are a few sound files used to provide a bit of entertainment in a few places but they are not critical to the use of the site.
Frames are not used to separate sections of the window area to include several different web pages. Web sites with frames are difficult to navigate with a screen reader unless you actually know that frames exist and which frames contain the information for which you are looking.
Most of the pages on this site are available in HTML or ASCII text format, which are easily read by people who use screen readers. However, some of our information is provided only in Adobe PDF format. Some of the newer PDF files are created with accessible features. Users can convert older PDF files to an accessible format using the Adobe® Acrobat® Reader™ with Accessibility.
Relative font sizes are used, which allows users to increase or decrease the font size in the browser's View menu. We have also made two style sheets for text only views: one for printing the page and one in a large font size for users who need larger text. For examples of readable and unreadable onscreen fonts, see the Fonts Comparison table. Fonts used in this site are specified in ems and percents so they may be resized according to the user's preferences. Except in the Windows platform, the hierarchy for the fonts specified in the font family is Verdana (or Trebuchet MS), Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, and sans-serif. In the Windows platform, the hierarchy for the fonts specified in the font family is Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, and sans-serif. Your browser will use the first font in the list that you have installed on your computer. The first choice font is Microsoft®'s wide Verdana font and the Trebuchet MS font. These TrueType® fonts were designed to improve the challenges of onscreen display with clear distinctions between similar letters such as the lowercase i j l, the uppercase I J L, and the number 1 and is a humanist sans serif designed for easy screen readability. Trebuchet MS and the wider width Verdana fonts are installed with Microsoft's Office and Internet Explorer applications. For information about the fonts and for links to free font utilities, see Microsoft's Typography Web site.
Page width is adjustable by the user. CSS layout allows text to reflow to fit the new space. When the window is made wider, the page will also become shorter as more text is put on a line. If you make the page too narrow, some elements may overlap. We have tried to make adjustments in the code to fix differences in the way various browsers handle spaces. If your browser shows the bottom navigation area or other areas of the page overlapping in places, reload the page and the CSS will adjust the flow.
These pages are designed using Cascading Style Sheets level 2.1 without the use of tables for the page layout.
The CSS style sheets are available for audio, screen, printing, and printing in large font styles. Selection buttons for each style are available at the top of each page. In most browsers that support cookies, a cookie is set so that your selection is remembered for all the pages you look at in the site. It is reset if you choose a different style. If you resize the window with the resize button or by pulling the edge of the window in or out, the layout may get a little out of whack temporarily. The page will refresh automatically to readjust the layout.
If your browser doesn't support cookies or you've turned it off, you may use the bottons at the top of each page to reselect the style of your choice when you go to another page.
This site aims to comply with current standards on Web accessibility. To ensure that we meet or exceed the guidelines of the World Wide Web Consortium Web Accessibility Initiative (W3C-WAI), we continually review our site and modify pages to remove accessibility problems for people with disabilities. Each page is tested for compliance with Section 508 and W3C 1-, 2-, and 3-level usability and accessibility requirements. The buttons at the bottom of each page indicate that the page passed the testing for the relevant validator. Users may verify this by clicking on the button to go to the validator and run the test for themselves.
Several workarounds were required to get the CSS to format as desired in all the browsers. Not all browsers provide full World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) standards support at this time. If you are having problems with any of our pages, first clear your browser's disk cache files and refresh the page to make sure you are seeing the latest pages. Use the latest version of the browser for your operating system. See Standards-supporting browsers for links to the latest browsers that provide CSS support.
The CSS is tested and works on the following browsers:
The CSS is tested and works (with workarounds to compensate for non-compliance with the CSS level 2.1 standards) on the following browsers:
It is known that the pages do not work as designed in the following browsers because they don't support Cascading Style Sheets or they support them but not to the full standards. However, the CSS is designed to degrade gracefully for these browsers so you will still be able to navigate the site but you won't have the colors or layout design.
Send comments, questions, and suggestions to the A-SIG Co-Managers directly:
Send link suggestions and Web comments to the .