Overviews and Basis Instructions
What is Card Sorting - Information and Design toolkit
Information design using card sorting - StepTwo
Card Sorting: A Definitive Guide - Todd Warfel and Donna Maurer in Boxes and Arrows (April 7,2004)
Card Sorting to Discover the Users' Model of the Information Space - Jakob Nielsen, Useit (May 1995)
Card-Sorting Exercise: Instructions: Part 1 - Part of the documentation of a web redesign project at MIT
Card Sorting - EMMUS (European MultiMedia Usability Services)
Methods: Card Sorting - UsabilityNet
Analyzing Card Sort Results with a Spreadsheet Template by Joe Lamantia in Boxes and Arrows. Includes sample templates and detailed examples. (August 26, 2003)
Card Sorting and Cluster Analysis - Tutorial by Thomas Myer on IBM developerWorks
Everything You've Wanted to Know About Card Sorting - William Hudson
Beyond cardsorting: Free-listing methods to explore user categorizations - by Rashmi Sinha on Boxes and Arrows. Extensions of card sorting research methodology. (Feb 23, 2003)
Card-Based Classification Evaluation by Donna Maurer in Boxes and Arrows - Good basic description
Other resource lists
Card Sorting on IAWiki - A large collection of links
Dey Alexander's collection of card sorting links - good annotations
OptimalSort - (Web) - Online card sorting with a rich user interface and provides online and spreadsheet results.
CAPS - Computer Aided Paper Sorting (for Windows) - from William Hudson and Syntagm
Web Category Analysis Tool (WebCAT) (Web) - free from NIST
WebSort (Web) - Online sorting tool delivers spreadsheet and EZCalc files for analysis from Jed Wood and Larry Wood
Socratic Card Sort (Web) - Online sorting and analysis tool from Socratic Technologies. Part of a suite of market research tools
CardZort - (Windows) - Standalone card sorting and analysis tool
uzCardSort - (Cross Platform) - uzCardSort is an open source, MPL licensed, Mozilla based tool for conducting and analyzing card sorts.
xSort 1.5 - (Macintosh) - xSort allows you to model and conduct a card sorting exercise in a
graphical view that simulates a table with physical cards that can be
EZSort (for Windows 95, 98, 2000, NT) - This tool was available free from IBM Ease of Use, but is no longer supported. See the page in the Web Archive for the original pages. The applications, USort (1.8 Beta) and EZCalc (1.3 Beta), and related paper are archived here as a convenience for the community.
Hierarchical Card Sorting: A Simple Tool for Qualitative
Research, by Rick Davies, editor,
Monitoring and Evaluation News
1994 Design of SunWeb, Sun Microsystems' Intranet - A description of this project, including how they used card sorting, by Jakob Nielsen and Darrell Sano
Consolidated Assessment by Seth Gordon on Boxes and Arrows - An overview that includes a discussion of card sorting
A User Input and Analysis Tool for Information Architecture by Jianming Dong, Shirley Martin and Paul Waldo, IBM. This paper introduced the EZSort tools from IBM.
Old links or pages we have not been able to confirm: